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Offshore wind park monitoring programmes, lessons learned and recommendations for the future
Lindeboom, H.; Degraer, S.; Dannheim, J.; Gill, A.B.; Wilhelmsson, D. (2015). Offshore wind park monitoring programmes, lessons learned and recommendations for the future. Hydrobiologia 756(1): 169-180.
In: Hydrobiologia. Springer: The Hague. ISSN 0018-8158; e-ISSN 1573-5117, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    Offshore wind parks; Environmental impact monitoring; Monitoring advice; Basic and targeted monitoring; Cumulative and in-combination effect monitoring

Authors  Top 
  • Lindeboom, H., more
  • Degraer, S., more
  • Dannheim, J.
  • Gill, A.B.
  • Wilhelmsson, D.

    Over a decade of monitoring offshore wind park environmental impact triggered a reflection on the overall objectives and how to best continue with the monitoring programmes. Essentially, basic monitoring has to be rationalised at the level of the likelihood of impact detection, the meaningfulness of impact size and representativeness of the findings. Targeted monitoring is crucial and should continue to be applied to disentangle processes behind observed impacts, for instance the overarching artificial reef effect caused by wind parks. The major challenge, however, remains to achieve a reliable assessment of the cumulative impacts. A continuous international consultation and collaboration with marine scientists, managers, government officials and industry will be needed to ensure an optimisation of the future monitoring programmes.

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