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Insolation vs. meltwater control of productivity and sea surface conditions off SW Greenland during the Holocene
Allan, E.; de Vernal, A.; Seidenkrantz, M.-S.; Briner, J.P.; Hillaire-Marcel, C.; Pearce, C.; Meire, L.; Røy, H.; Mathiasen, A.M.; Nielsen, M.T.; Plesner, J.L.; Perner, K. (2021). Insolation vs. meltwater control of productivity and sea surface conditions off SW Greenland during the Holocene. Boreas 50(3): 631-651. https://doi.org/10.1111/bor.12514
In: Boreas. Scandinavian University Press/Wiley-Blackwell: Oslo. ISSN 0300-9483; e-ISSN 1502-3885, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Authors  Top 
  • Allan, E.
  • de Vernal, A.
  • Seidenkrantz, M.-S.
  • Briner, J.P.
  • Hillaire-Marcel, C.
  • Pearce, C.
  • Meire, L., more
  • Røy, H.
  • Mathiasen, A.M.
  • Nielsen, M.T.
  • Plesner, J.L.
  • Perner, K.

Abstract
    We address here the specific timing and amplitude of sea‐surface conditions and productivity changes off SW Greenland, northern Labrador Sea, in response to the high deglacial meltwater rates, the Early Holocene maximum insolation and Neoglacial cooling. Dinocyst assemblages from sediment cores collected off Nuuk were used to set up quantitative records of sea ice cover, seasonal sea‐surface temperature (SST), salinity (SSS), and primary productivity, with a centennial to millennial scale resolution. Until ~10 ka BP, ice‐proximal conditions are suggested by the quasi‐exclusive dominance of heterotrophic taxa and low dinocyst concentrations. At about 10 ka BP, an increase in species diversity and abundance of phototrophic taxa marks the onset of interglacial conditions at a regional scale, with summer SST reaching up to 10 °C between 8 and 5 ka BP, thus in phase with the Holocene Thermal Maximum as recorded in the southern Greenlandic areas/northern Labrador Sea. During this interval, low SSS but high productivity prevailed in response to high meltwater discharge and nutrient inputs from the Greenland Ice Sheet. After ~5 ka BP, a decrease in phototrophic taxa marks a two‐step cooling of surface waters. The first started at ~5 ka BP, and the second at ~3 ka BP, with a shift toward colder conditions and higher SSS suggesting reduced meltwater discharge during the Neoglacial. This second step coincides with the disappearance of the Saqqaq culture. The gap in human occupation in west Greenland, between the Dorset and the Norse settlements from 2000 to 1000 years BP, might be linked to high amplitude and high frequency variability of ocean and climate conditions.

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