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Bio-ORACLE: a global environmental dataset for marine species distribution modelling
Tyberghein, L.; Verbruggen, H.; Pauly, K.; Troupin, C.; De Clerck, O. (2012). Bio-ORACLE: a global environmental dataset for marine species distribution modelling. Glob. Ecol. Biogeogr. 21(2): 272-281.
In: Global Ecology and Biogeography. Blackwell Science: Oxford. ISSN 1466-822X; e-ISSN 1466-8238, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors | Dataset 

    Aquatic sciences > Marine sciences > Earth sciences > Oceanography
    Ecological niches
    Taxa > Species
    Codium fragile (Suringar) Hariot, 1889 [WoRMS]
Author keywords
    Bio-ORACLE; Codium fragile; ecological niche modelling; environmentaldata; global; macroecology; marine; oceanography; species distributionmodelling

Authors  Top | Dataset 
  • Troupin, C., more
  • Mineur, F., illustrator, more
  • De Clerck, O., more

    Aim The oceans harbour a great diversity of organisms whose distribution and ecological preferences are often poorly understood. Species distribution modelling (SDM) could improve our knowledge and inform marine ecosystem management and conservation. Although marine environmental data are available from various sources, there are currently no user-friendly, high-resolution global datasets designed for SDM applications. This study aims to fill this gap by assembling a comprehensive, uniform, high-resolution and readily usable package of global environmental rasters.

    Location Global, marine.

    Methods We compiled global coverage data, e.g. satellite-based and in situ measured data, representing various aspects of the marine environment relevant for species distributions. Rasters were assembled at a resolution of 5 arcmin (c. 9.2 km) and a uniform landmask was applied. The utility of the dataset was evaluated by maximum entropy SDM of the invasive seaweed Codium fragile ssp. fragile.

    Results We present Bio-ORACLE (ocean rasters for analysis of climate and environment), a global dataset consisting of 23 geophysical, biotic and climate rasters. This user-friendly data package for marine species distribution modelling is available for download at