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Human-induced stresses on mangrove swamps along the Kenyan coast
Aboudha, P.A.W.; Kairo, J. (2001). Human-induced stresses on mangrove swamps along the Kenyan coast. Hydrobiologia 458: 255-265.
In: Hydrobiologia. Springer: The Hague. ISSN 0018-8158; e-ISSN 1573-5117, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

    Pollution > Oil pollution
    ISW, Kenya, Gazi Bay [Marine Regions]; ISW, Kenya, Mombasa, Makupa Creek

Authors  Top 
  • Aboudha, P.A.W.
  • Kairo, J., more

    Mangroves form important ecosystems in Kenya's coastal areas. They produce goods and services that are of environmental, ecological and economic importance to human society. However, mangroves are under continuing pressure from anthropogenic disturbances. A particular concern has been the clearing of mangrove areas to reclaim land for other uses such as aquaculture, salt manufacture, agriculture and housing. About 10 000 ha of mangrove areas have been cleared for salt manufacture between Ngomeni and Karawa, while in Lamu, close to 100 ha of mangrove forest was killed by dredged-up sediment that was deposited during the construction of the Mokowe sea jet. 100 ha of mangrove area have been converted for aquaculture at Ngomeni. At Gazi Bay, about 100 ha of mangrove forests was cleared for fuelwood and in Makupa Creek, Mombasa, 10 ha of mangroves died due to oil pollution. The total area lost is therefore 10 3 10 ha which represents about 20% of the total mangrove forest. In this paper, deforestation, conversion of mangrove areas for other land uses and pollution of mangrove swamps on the Kenyan coast are discussed and a call for sustainable use, and the government policies that will enable this, is made.

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