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The effects of salinity on growth and survival of mangrove seedlings changes with age
Kodikara, K.A.S.; Jayatissa, L.P.; Huxham, M.; Dahdouh-Guebas, F.; Koedam, N. (2018). The effects of salinity on growth and survival of mangrove seedlings changes with age. Acta Botanica Brasilica 32(1): 37-46.
In: Acta Botanica Brasilica: Sao Paulo. ISSN 0102-3306; e-ISSN 1677-941X, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

    Avicennia L. [WoRMS]; Bruguiera Lam. [WoRMS]; Rhizophora L. [WoRMS]
    Brackish water
Author keywords
    Avicennia; Bruguiera; early growth; mangroves; nursery; planting;Rhizophora; salinity; Sri Lanka; survival

Authors  Top 
  • Kodikara, K.A.S., more
  • Jayatissa, L.P., more
  • Huxham, M.
  • Dahdouh-Guebas, F., more
  • Koedam, N., more

    Six wide-ranging mangrove species, Rhizophora apiculata, R. mucronata, Avicennia marina, A. officinalis, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, and B. sexangula, were selected to study the growth and survival of seedlings under three contrasting salinity treatments over a 30-week period: low (3-5psu), moderate (15-17psu) and high (33-36psu). Seedlings grown under high salinity exhibited significantly lower performance (p<0.05) in survival rates, cumulative shoot height, mean growth rates, mean total leaf area, and mean dry weight, compared to those under low and moderate salinity regimes. The low salinity treatment provided the best conditions for initial establishment and growth of the seedlings of all species until 15-20 weeks of age. However, the same seedlings showed better performance under moderate salinity after 15-20 weeks of age (shift in optimal salinity), implying that adaptation to salt and physiological needs of mangrove seedlings varies with age. These results have practical implications of use in raising up mangrove nurse species for planting since it indicates that seedlings should get low salinity water until four to five months of age and then moderately saline water, in order to achieve maximum growth and survival.

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