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Impact of farming non-indigenous scallop Argopecten irradians on benthic ecosystem functioning: a case-study in Laizhou Bay, China
Huang, Q; Olenin, S.; Sun, S.; De Troch, M. (2018). Impact of farming non-indigenous scallop Argopecten irradians on benthic ecosystem functioning: a case-study in Laizhou Bay, China. Aquaculture Environment Interactions 10: 227-241.
In: Aquaculture Environment Interactions. Inter Research: Oldendorf. ISSN 1869-215X; e-ISSN 1869-7534, more
Peer reviewed article  

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    Acids > Organic compounds > Organic acids > Fatty acids
    Argopecten irradians (Lamarck, 1819) [WoRMS]; Copepoda [WoRMS]; Nematoda [WoRMS]
Author keywords
    Non-indigenous species; Harpacticoid copepods; Nematodes; Food source; Stable isotopes;

Authors  Top 
  • Huang, Q, more
  • Olenin, S., more
  • Sun, S.
  • De Troch, M., more

    The farming of the non-indigenous bay scallop Argopecten irradians in coastal waters generates large amounts of biodeposits that potentially change the trophic pathways and quality of the benthic food web at lower trophic levels such as meiobenthos. To understand the trophic link between faecal pellets of bay scallop and meiobenthos in the aquaculture area, we investigated the resource use of harpacticoid copepods and nematodes inside and outside of 3 bay scallop farms in Laizhou Bay (Bohai Sea, China) using natural abundance of stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes together with fatty acid profiling. Faeces were found to be enriched in δ15N compared to all other food sources, which made faecal matter traceable. The enriched δ15N in several meiobenthos at the farms, together with the mixing model results, indicated that faeces could be a new food source for most of harpacticoid copepods and some nematodes. The quantities and the pathways of assimilation differed between the copepod families, depending on their feeding behaviors and the receiving environment. Furthermore, due to the presence of higher levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids, in particular docosahexaenoic acid, the dominant copepod family Canuellidae that abundantly consumed scallop faeces showed enhanced nutritional quality compared with those in the control sites. Thus, aquaculture of non-indigenous bay scallops provided a food source that was directly and indirectly consumed by meiobenthos underneath the scallop farms and improved the quality of lower level consumers as a food item in the benthic food web.

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