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Evaluation of microbiological accumulation capability of the commercial sponge Spongia officinalis var. adriatica (Schmidt) (Porifera, Demospongiae)
Stabili, L.; Licciano, M.; Longo, C.; Corriero, G.; Mercurio, M. (2008). Evaluation of microbiological accumulation capability of the commercial sponge Spongia officinalis var. adriatica (Schmidt) (Porifera, Demospongiae). Wat. Res. 42(10-11): 2499-2506.
In: Water Research. Elsevier: Oxford; New York. ISSN 0043-1354; e-ISSN 1879-2448, more
Peer reviewed article  

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    Spongia (Spongia) officinalis Linnaeus, 1759 [WoRMS]; Spongia officinalis var. adriatica Schmidt, 1862 [WoRMS]; Vibrio Pacini, 1854 [WoRMS]
Author keywords
    Microbial pollution indicators; Culturable hererotrophic bacteria; Vibrios; Filter-feeding activity; Bioremediation; Bioindicator; Spongia officinalis; Apulian coasts

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  • Stabili, L.
  • Licciano, M., more
  • Longo, C.
  • Corriero, G.
  • Mercurio, M.

    This study was carried out to evaluate the microbiological accumulation capability of the demosponge Spongia officinalis var. adriatica. Six microbiological parameters were researched in two sampling periods in the water and in reared sponge samples coming from sites with different degrees of microbial contamination: an off-shore fish farm displaced off the Apulian coast (Southern Adriatic Sea) and a no-impacted area displaced into the Marine Protected Area of Porto Cesareo (Apulian coast-Ionian Sea). We detected the density of culturable heterotrophic bacteria by spread plate on marine agar, total culturable bacteria at 37 °C on Plate Count Agar and vibrios on thiosulphate–citrate–bile–sucrose–salt (TCBS) agar. Total and fecal coliforms as well as fecal streptococci concentrations were detected by the MPN method. Bacterial densities were always higher in the sponge homogenates compared with the corresponding seawater in the sampling points and in both sampling periods. As regard vibrios, total culturable bacteria at 37 °C and fecal streptococci concentrations, the highest values were observed in the sponge samples coming from the off-shore fish farm during the summer period. The ability of Spongia officinalis var. adriatica to accumulate the microbial pollution indicators suggests that this species can be employed as a bioindicator for monitoring water quality.

  • CorMedNet- Distribution and demographic data of habitat-forming invertebrate species from Mediterranean coralligenous assemblages between 1882 and 2019., more

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