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Age, growth and mortality of the garfish, Belone belone (L. 1761) in the Adriatic Sea
Zorica, B.; Cikes Kec, V. (2012). Age, growth and mortality of the garfish, Belone belone (L. 1761) in the Adriatic Sea. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 93(2): 365-372.
In: Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Cambridge University Press/Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom: Cambridge. ISSN 0025-3154; e-ISSN 1469-7769, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    length–weight relationship, otolith, garfish

Authors  Top | Dataset 
  • Zorica, B.
  • Cikes Kec, V.

    A sample of 3393 garfish, Belone belone (Linnaeus, 1761) was captured using a seine net between January 2003 and December 2008, along the eastern Adriatic Sea. The range in total length was 20.8–75.4 cm and in weight was 12.21–639.25 g. Length–length equations for converting size measurements (standard length and fork length to total length (TL)) were linear. In the length–weight relationship, positive allometry was established (b = 3.4818). Age, determined from sagittal otoliths, ranged from 1+ to 8+ years. The estimated von Bertalanffy model growth parameters for garfish were L  = 90.3 cm, K = 0.158 year−1, t0  = −0.109. Otolith weight was endorsed as a possible age predictor, as it showed highly exponential correlation with total garfish length and age (Wo  = 0.0012 TL 2.189; Wo  = 0.568t1.486). These findings were used to examine mortality rates and exploitation in order to improve conservation and management of this pelagic species.

  • Garfish morphology in Adriatic Sea 2003-2007, more

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