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First detections of Culiseta longiareolata (Diptera: Culicidae) in Belgium and the Netherlands
Deblauwe, I.; Ibáñez-Justicia, A.; De Wolf, K.; Smitz, N.; Schneider, A.; Stroo, A.; Jacobs, F.; Vanslembrouck, A.; Gombeer, S.; Dekoninck, W.; Müller, R.; Van Bortel, W. (2021). First detections of Culiseta longiareolata (Diptera: Culicidae) in Belgium and the Netherlands. J. Med. Entomol. 58(6): 2524-2532. https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjab127
In: Journal of medical entomology. Entomology Dept., B.P. Bishop Museum: Honolulu,. ISSN 0022-2585; e-ISSN 1938-2928, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Hexapoda > Arthropods > Insects > Diptera > Culicidae > Culiseta > Culiseta longiareolata

Authors  Top 
  • Deblauwe, I.
  • Ibáñez-Justicia, A.
  • De Wolf, K.
  • Smitz, N.
  • Schneider, A.
  • Stroo, A.
  • Jacobs, F.
  • Vanslembrouck, A.
  • Gombeer, S., more
  • Dekoninck, W., more
  • Müller, R.
  • Van Bortel, W.

Abstract
    Culiseta (Allotheobaldia) longiareolata (Macquart) (Diptera: Culicidae) is an ornithophilic mosquito species that occurs in the southern Palaearctic Region from the Azores to Central Asia, the Ethiopian Region, India, and Pakistan. Although it has a widespread distribution range, the species was only recently reported in Western and Central Europe. Between 2017 and 2020, larvae, pupae, and adults of Cs. longiareolata (n = 161) were found at 13 distinct locations in Belgium (n = 4) and The Netherlands (n = 9). Collected mosquitoes were morphologically identified and the identification was then validated by COI DNA barcoding. These are the first records of the species in the above-mentioned countries. The present results suggest that Cs. longiareolata could be increasing its distribution range in temperate regions, indicating a warming climate. As the species might be a potential vector of bird pathogens (e.g., West Nile virus), its spread in Western Europe is noteworthy.

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