[ report an error in this record ]basket (0): add | show Print this page

Social equity and marine protected areas: Perceptions of small-scale fishermen in the Mediterranean Sea
Bennett, N.J.; Calò, A.; Di Franco, A.; Niccolini, F.; Marzo, D.; Domina, I.; Dimitriadis, C.; Sobrado, F.; Santoni, M.-C.; Charbonnel, E.; Trujillo, M.; García Chartón, J.-A.; Seddiki, L.; Cappanera, V.; Grbin, J.; Kastelic, L.; Milazzo, M.; Guidetti, P. (2020). Social equity and marine protected areas: Perceptions of small-scale fishermen in the Mediterranean Sea. Biol. Conserv. 244: 108531. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108531
In: Biological Conservation. Elsevier: Barking. ISSN 0006-3207; e-ISSN 1873-2917, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Authors  Top 
  • Bennett, N.J.
  • Calò, A.
  • Di Franco, A.
  • Niccolini, F.
  • Marzo, D.
  • Domina, I.
  • Dimitriadis, C.
  • Sobrado, F.
  • Santoni, M.-C.
  • Charbonnel, E.
  • Trujillo, M.
  • García Chartón, J.-A.
  • Seddiki, L.
  • Cappanera, V.
  • Grbin, J.
  • Kastelic, L.
  • Milazzo, M.
  • Guidetti, P., more

    Global conservation policy requires the scaling up of effectively and equitably managed networks of marine protected areas (MPAs). While progress has been made on spatial coverage, the fundamental aspects of effectiveness and equity are falling short. Past research has focused on management effectiveness in MPAs, but less attention has been given to social equity though it is an ethical imperative and instrumental to conservation. This study assessed the perceptions of SSF regarding recognitional, procedural and distributional dimensions of social equity using quantitative surveys in 11 MPAs across 6 countries on the Mediterranean Sea. To do so, we developed individual indicators from which we created composite scores for recognitional, procedural, and distributional equity, and a combined social equity score. Overall, descriptive results showed that SSF perceptions of social equity were quite varied but slightly skewed towards positive perceptions. Then, we developed predictive models to analyze the effects of geographic (i.e., MPA and country) and individual (i.e., SSF demographics and characteristics) factors on the composite social equity scores. All social equity scores differed significantly between MPAs. Being an older fisher was associated with a decrease in recognitional equity, while having a higher level of relative wealth or more diversified livelihoods was associated with higher scores for distributional equity. These results point to the need for tailored management actions to improve equity in different MPA sites and for different groups. This paper presents a novel quantitative method for using stakeholder perceptions to examine social equity that might be applied to marine and terrestrial conservation initiatives elsewhere.

All data in the Integrated Marine Information System (IMIS) is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy Top | Authors