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Mapstone, G.M. (2001). Siphonophora, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 120-122
In: Costello, M.J.; Emblow, C.; White, R.J. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50. Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle: Paris. ISBN 2-85653-538-0. 463 pp., meer
In: Collection Patrimoines Naturels. Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle: Paris. ISSN 1158-422X, meer

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    Siphonophora [WoRMS]

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  • Mapstone, G.M., meer

    This list was initially drawn up from ‘Siphonophores and Velellids’ by P. A. Kirkpatrick and P. R. Pugh (1984), and additional species added from other publications covering species recorded within the ERMS geographic area. The reference list includes all taxonomic papers covering any new and redescribed species found in the area, but only those distributional papers published from 1990 onwards. A more comprehensive literature list will be obtainable from a monograph entitled ‘Siphonophora (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) of Canadian Pacific waters.’ by G. M. Mapstone and M. N. Arai which is due to be published shortly.

    Since the species list is a reflection of sampling effort, it is likely that more species will be added in the future; many Siphonophora species have a cosmopolitan distribution.P. R. Pugh kindly advised on the validity of species included in a world list from which this ERMS was derived.


    • Andersen, V., Sardou, J. and Nival, P. 1992. The diel migrations and vertical distributions of zooplankton and micronekton in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea. 2. Siphonophores, hydromedusae and pyrosomids. J. Plankton Res. 8, 1155-1169.
    • Bamstedt, U., Fossa, J. H., Martinussen, M. B. and Fossagen, A. 1998. Mass occurrence of the physonect siphonophore Apolemia uvaria (Lesueur) in Norwegian waters. Sarsia 83, 79-85.
    • Buecher, E. 1999. Appearance of Chelophyes appendiculata and Abylopsis tetragona (Cnidaria, Siphonophora) in the Bay of Villefranche, northwestern Mediterranean. Journal of Sea Research 41, 295-307.
    • Biggs, D. C., Pugh P. R. and Carré, C. 1978. Rosacea flaccida n. sp., a new species of siphonophore (Calycophorae Prayinae) from the North Atlantic Ocean. Beaufortia 27: 207-218.
    • Gamulin, T. and Krsinic, F. 1993a. Distribution and abundance of Calycophores (Siphonophora, Calycophorae) in the Mediterranean and Adriatic Sea. Mar. Ecol. (Pubbl. Stn. Zool. Napoli I). 14 (2): 97-111.
    • Gili, J-M., Pagès, F. and Fusté, X. 1991. Mesoscale coupling between spatial distribution of planktonic cnidarians and hydrographic features along the Galician Coast (Northwestern Iberian Peninsula). Sci. Mar. 55(2): 419-426.
    • Mapstone, G. M. 1998. Bargmannia lata, An undescribed species of physonect siphonophore (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) from Canadian Pacific waters. 141-147, figs 1-3. In Commemorative volume for the 80th birthday of Willem Vervoort in 1997. Edited by: J. C. den Hartog, A. C. van Bruggen, P. F. S. Cornelius and L. P. van Ofwegen. Zool. Verh. Leiden: 323: i-xii, 1-448.
    • Mills, C. E., Pugh, P. R., Harbison, G. R., and Haddock, S. H. D. 1996. Medusae, siphonophores and ctenophores of the Alborán Sea, south western Mediterranean. In Advances in Hydrozoan Biology. Edited by S. Piraino., F. Boero, J. Bouillon, P. F. S. Cornelius and J.-M. Gili. Sci. Mar. 60 (1): 145-163.
    • Kirkpatrick, P. A. and Pugh, P. R. 1984. Siphonophores and velellids. Synopses of the British Fauna (New Series). Leiden, E. J. BrillNumber 29, Pp. 154.
    • Pagès, F., González, H. E., and González, S. R. 1996. Diet of the gelatinous zooplankton in Hardangerfjord (Norway) and potential predatory impact by Aglantha digitale (Trachymedusae). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 139: 69-77.
    • Pinca, S., and Dallot, S. 1995. Meso- and macrozooplankton composition patterns related to hydrodynamic structures in the Ligurian Sea (Trophos-2 experiment, April-June 1986). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 126: 49-65.
    • Pugh, P. R. 1983. Benthic siphonophores: a review of the family Rhodaliidae (Siphonophora, Physonectae). Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lon. B Biol. Sci. 301: 165-300.
    • Pugh, P. R. 1992a. A revision of the sub-family Nectopyramidinae Siphonophora, Prayidae. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lon. B Biol. Sci. 335: 281-322.
    • Pugh, P. R. 1992b. The status of the genus Prayoides (Siphonophora, Prayidae). J. Mar. Biol. Asso. U.K. 72 (4): 895-909.
    • Pugh, P. R. 1992c. Desmophyes haematogaster, a new species of prayine siphonophore (Calycophorae, Prayidae). Bull. Mar. Sci. 50 (1): 89-96.Pugh, P. R. 1998. A re-description of Frillagalma vitiazi Daniel 1966 (Siphonophorae, Agalmatidae). Sci. Mar. 62 (3): 233-245.
    • Pugh, P. R. 1999. A review of the genus Bargmannia Totton, 1954 (Siphonophorae, Physonecta, Pyrostephidae). Bull. nat. Hist. Mus. Lond. (Zool.) 65 (1): 51-72.
    • Pugh, P. R. and Harbison, G. R. 1987. Three new species of prayine siphonophore (Calycophorae, Prayidae) collected by a submersible, with notes on related species. Bull. Mar. Sci. 41 (1): 68-91.
    • Pugh, P. R. and Pagès, F. 1993. A new species of Clausophyes (Siphonophorae, Clausophyidae), with a redescription of C. galeata and C. moserae. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U.K. 73 (3): 595-608.
    • Pugh, P. R. and Pagès, F. 1995. Is Lensia reticulata a diphyine species (Siphonophorae, Calycophora, Diphyidae)? A re-description. Sci. Mar. 59 (2): 181-192.Pugh, P. R. and Youngbluth, M. J. 1988a. A new species of Halistemma (Siphonophora: Physonectae: Agalmidae) collected by submersible. J. Mar. Biol. Asso. U.K. 68: 1-14.
    • Pugh, P. R. and Youngbluth, M. J. 1988b. Two new species of prayine siphonophore (Calycophorae, Prayidae) collected by the submersibles Johnson-Sea-Link I and II. J. Plankton Res. 10 (4): 637-657.
    • Totton, A. K. 1965. A Synopsis of the Siphonophora. London, British Museum (Natural History). Pp. 230.

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