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Tuning the tide: creating ecological conditions for tidal marsh development in a flood control area
Maris, T.; Cox, T.; Temmerman, S.; De Vleeschauwer, P.; Van Damme, S.; De Mulder, T.; Van den Bergh, E.; Meire, P. (2007). Tuning the tide: creating ecological conditions for tidal marsh development in a flood control area. Hydrobiologia 588(1): 31-43.
In: Hydrobiologia. Springer: The Hague. ISSN 0018-8158; e-ISSN 1573-5117, more
Also appears in:
Lafite, R.; Garnier, J.; De Jonge, V.N. (Ed.) (2007). Consequences of estuarine management on hydrodynamics and ecological functioning: ECSA 38th Symposium - Rouen 2004 Co-organisation Seine-Aval Programme and ECSA. Hydrobiologia, 588. Springer: The Netherlands. 302 pp., more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors | Dataset 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 123577 [ OMA ]

    Control > Flood control
    Environmental effects > Tidal effects
    Flood prevention
    Intertidal zonation
    Topographic features > Landforms > Flood plains
    Water bodies > Coastal waters > Coastal landforms > Coastal inlets > Estuaries
    Marine/Coastal; Brackish water
Author keywords
    estuary; restoration; regulated tidal exchange; flood control area; Flood control area; Regulated tidal exchange

Authors  Top | Dataset 
  • Van Damme, S., more
  • De Mulder, T., more
  • Van den Bergh, E., more
  • Meire, P., more

    The Schelde estuary, characterised as a turbid, polluted and eutrophic system, has nowadays reached a turning point in the restoration of its water quality. During the past century, human activities have reduced the intertidal areas, essential in the estuarine ecosystem for nutrient cycling and the self-cleaning capacity. Today, in combination with a master plan to protect the population from storm surges, an opportunity rises to restore areas with a tidal influence. One specific option of combining safety and ecology is the creation of flood control areas (FCA) under the influence of a controlled reduced tide (CRT). These specific areas will differ in many ways from fully tidal areas. However, these areas can fulfill important ecological functions with effects on aeration, nitrification, denitrification, sedimentation and primary production in the estuary. Opportunities for ecological development within a CRT have been investigated for a specific case. The ecology within a CRT showed to be very case specific, depending e.g. on the morphology of the area, the sluice design and the local water quality. Depending on the sluice design, water quality can be improved and sedimentation can be influenced. Possible measures to design a CRT with a rich habitat variation are discussed.

  • OMES: Monitoring fysical-chemical water quality in the Zeeschelde, more

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