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Propagule predators in Kenyan mangroves and their possible effect on regeneration
Dahdouh-Guebas, F.; Verneirt, M.; Tack, J.F.; Van Speybroeck, D.; Koedam, N. (1998). Propagule predators in Kenyan mangroves and their possible effect on regeneration. Mar. Freshw. Res. 49(4): 345-350
In: Marine and Freshwater Research. CSIRO: East Melbourne. ISSN 1323-1650; e-ISSN 1448-6059, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 97794 [ OMA ]

Author keywords
    mangrove; regeneration; predation; crabs; Terebralia palustris; Kenya

Authors  Top 
  • Dahdouh-Guebas, F., more
  • Verneirt, M., more
  • Tack, J.F., more
  • Van Speybroeck, D., more
  • Koedam, N., more

    Grapsid crabs can play a considerable role in the predation of mangrove propagules and possibly are a threat to the regeneration of mangroves, whether natural or artificial. Experiments consisting of artificial plantation of mangrove juveniles were set up in Gazi Bay (Kenya). Grapsid crabs, particularly Neosarmatium meinerti in the most landward fringe and N. smithii and Sesarma guttatum in the middle fringe of the mangrove forest, were found to be a regeneration-limiting factor. Almost 100% (n = 40) of the landward plantations were cleared. There was a slight initial preference for Rhizophora propagules lying horizontally on the mangrove floor, which simulates the position of a stranding propagule. In Mida Creek (Kenya) the snail Terebralia palustris was observed predating mangrove propagules. This study shows that crabs may affect the regeneration potential of mangroves, and snails might also be a factor in predation. A need to actively search for ways to protect reafforestation plots from predators of mangrove tree juveniles is necessary.

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