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Distribution, abundance and ecological relevance of pelagic fishes in the Lazarev Sea, Southern Ocean
Flores, H.; Van De Putte, A.P.; Siegel, V.; Pakhomov, E.A.; van Franeker, J.A.; Meesters, H.W.G.; Volckaert, F.A.M. (2008). Distribution, abundance and ecological relevance of pelagic fishes in the Lazarev Sea, Southern Ocean. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 367: 271-282.
In: Marine Ecology Progress Series. Inter-Research: Oldendorf/Luhe. ISSN 0171-8630; e-ISSN 1616-1599, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 143536 [ OMA ]

    Composition > Community composition
    Developmental stages > Larvae > Fish larvae
    Fisheries > Marine fisheries > Pelagic fisheries
    Food webs
    Sea surface temperature
    Copepoda [WoRMS]; Electrona antarctica (Günther, 1878) [WoRMS]; Euphausia superba Dana, 1850 [WoRMS]; Euphausiacea [WoRMS]; Euphausiidae Dana, 1852 [WoRMS]; Myctophidae Gill, 1893 [WoRMS]; Pisces [WoRMS]; Pleuragramma antarcticum Boulenger, 1902 [WoRMS]
    PS, Southern Ocean [Marine Regions]; PSW, Lazarev Sea
Author keywords
    Antarctic; Southern Ocean; Fish abundance; Fish ecology; Fish larvae; Energy; Food web

Authors  Top 
  • Flores, H., more
  • Van De Putte, A.P., more
  • Siegel, V.
  • Pakhomov, E.A.
  • van Franeker, J.A.
  • Meesters, H.W.G., more
  • Volckaert, F.A.M., more

    The distribution and abundance of larval and postlarval fishes was investigated in the Lazarev Sea, Southern Ocean, in March and April 2004. The upper 200 m of the water column were sampled with an 8 m2 rectangular midwater trawl at 93 stations. The larval species community clustered in a diverse coastal community with high densities of Antarctic silverfish Pleuragramma antarcticum larvae and a less diverse offshore community dominated by Antarctic jonasfish Notolepis coatsi and the lanternfish Electrona antarctica. No postlarval fish were caught in coastal areas. The offshore community of postlarval fishes consisted of the deep-sea smelt Bathylagus antarcticus, and the lanternfishes Gymnoscopelus braueri, G. nicholsi and E. antarctica. The latter species clearly dominated, occurring at mean individual and wet mass densities of 0.17 individuals m–2 and 0.26 g m–2, respectively. A generalized additive model significantly related the density of postlarval E. antarctica to the abundance of Antarctic krill Euphausia superba, ocean depth and sea surface temperature. The diet of E. antarctica was dominated by copepods and euphausiid larvae. Mean energy density of E. antarctica in the upper 200 m was 2.8 kJ m–2, which is equivalent to 36% of the energy stored in Antarctic krill stocks and probably would be considerably higher if a greater depth range were considered. This suggests that E. antarctica is a major energy transmitter in the food web of the Lazarev Sea, challenging the classical krill-dominated food web paradigm of the Southern Ocean.

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