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How does NaCl improve tolerance to cadmium in the halophyte Sesuvium portulacastrum?
Wali, M; Ben Rjab, K.; Gunsé, B.; Lakdhar, A.; Lutts, S.; Poschenrieder, C.; Abdelly, C.; Ghnaya, T. (2014). How does NaCl improve tolerance to cadmium in the halophyte Sesuvium portulacastrum? Chemosphere 117: 243-250.
In: Chemosphere. Elsevier: Oxford. ISSN 0045-6535; e-ISSN 1879-1298, more
Peer reviewed article  

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    Sesuvium portulacastrum (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, 1759 [WoRMS]
Author keywords
    Cadmium tolerance; Cd speciation; Chloride; Salinity; Subcellulardistribution; Sesuvium portulacastrum

Authors  Top 
  • Wali, M
  • Ben Rjab, K.
  • Gunsé, B.
  • Lakdhar, A.
  • Lutts, S., more
  • Poschenrieder, C.
  • Abdelly, C.
  • Ghnaya, T.

    Sesuvium portulacastrum is a halophyte with considerable Cd tolerance and accumulation, especially under high salinity. The species seems a good candidate for phytoremediation of Cd-contaminated, saline soils. However, the mechanisms sustaining salt-induced alleviation of Cd toxicity remain unknown. Seedlings of S. portulacastrum were submitted hydroponically to different Cd concentrations (0, 25 and 50 µM Cd) in combination with low (0.09 mM), or high (200 mM) NaCl. Cadmium distribution within leaves and stems was assessed by total Cd, cell sap Cd, and Cd in different cell fractions. In plants with low salt supply (LS) Cd induced severe toxicity. The presence of 200 mM NaCl (HS) significantly alleviated Cd toxicity symptoms. HS drastically reduced both Cd-induced H2O2 production and membrane damage. In HS plants the reduced Cd uptake was only in part responsible for the lower Cd toxicity. Even at equal internal leaf Cd concentrations less Cd toxicity was observed in HS than in LS plants. In HS plants proportionally more Cd was bound in cell walls and proportionally less accumulated in the soluble fraction than in LS plants. Our results show that NaCl improves plant performance under Cd stress by both a decrease of Cd2+ activity in the medium leading to less Cd uptake and a change of Cd speciation and compartmentation inside tissues. More efficient internal detoxification seems mainly brought about by preferential Cd binding to chloride and cell walls in plants treated with a high salt concentration.

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