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The spatiotemporal dynamics of the sources and sinks of CO2 in the global coastal ocean
Roobaert, A.; Laruelle, G.G.; Landschützer, P.; Gruber, N.; Chou, L.; Regnier, P. (2019). The spatiotemporal dynamics of the sources and sinks of CO2 in the global coastal ocean. Global Biogeochem. Cycles 33(12): 1693-1714. https://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2019GB006239
In: Global Biogeochemical Cycles. American Geophysical Union: Washington, DC. ISSN 0886-6236; e-ISSN 1944-9224, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine/Coastal
Author keywords
    coastal seas; air-sea CO2 exchange; seasonality; ocean carbon cycle;continental shelves

Authors  Top 
  • Roobaert, A., more
  • Laruelle, G.G., more
  • Landschützer, P.
  • Gruber, N.
  • Chou, L., more
  • Regnier, P., more

Abstract
    In contrast to the open ocean, the sources and sinks for atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) in the coastal seas are poorly constrained and understood. Here we address this knowledge gap by analyzing the spatial and temporal variability of the coastal air‐sea flux of CO2 (FCO2) using a recent high‐resolution (0.25°) monthly climatology for coastal sea surface partial pressure in CO2 (pCO2). Coastal regions are characterized by CO2 sinks at temperate and high latitudes and by CO2 sources at low latitude and in the tropics, with annual mean CO2 flux densities comparable in magnitude and pattern to those of the adjacent open ocean with the exception of river‐dominated systems. The seasonal variations in FCO2 are large, often exceeding 2 mol C m−2 year−1, a magnitude similar to the variations exhibited across latitudes. The majority of these seasonal variations stems from the air‐sea pCO2 difference, although changes in wind speed and sea ice cover can also be significant regionally. Globally integrated, the coastal seas act currently as a CO2 sink of −0.20 ± 0.02 Pg C year−1, with a more intense uptake occurring in summer because of the disproportionate influence of high‐latitude shelves in the Northern Hemisphere. Combined with estimates of the carbon sinks in the open ocean and the Arctic, this gives for the global ocean, averaged over the 1998 to 2015 period an annual net CO2 uptake of −1.7 ± 0.3 Pg C year−1.

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