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Experimental study of a moored floating oscillating water column wave-energy converter and of a moored cubic box
Wu, M.; Stratigaki, V.; Troch, P.; Altomare, C.; Verbrugghe, T.; Crespo, A.; Cappietti, L.; Hall, M.; Gomez-Gesteira, M. (2019). Experimental study of a moored floating oscillating water column wave-energy converter and of a moored cubic box. Energies (Basel) 12(10): 1834.
In: Energies (Basel). Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI): Basel. ISSN 1996-1073; e-ISSN 1996-1073, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    moored floating wave-energy converter; oscillating water column; waveflume experiment; nonlinear wave condition; 6 degrees of freedom motion;mooring-line tension

Authors  Top 
  • Altomare, C., more
  • Verbrugghe, T., more
  • Crespo, A.
  • Cappietti, L.
  • Hall, M.
  • Gomez-Gesteira, M.

    This paper describes experimental research on a floating moored Oscillating Water Column (OWC)-type Wave-Energy Converter (WEC) carried out in the wave flume of the Coastal Engineering Research Group of Ghent University. This research has been introduced to cover the existing data scarcity and knowledge gaps regarding response of moored floating OWC WECs. The obtained data will be available in the future for the validation of nonlinear numerical models. The experiment focuses on the assessment of the nonlinear motion and mooring-line response of a 1:25 floating moored OWC WEC model to regular waves. The OWC WEC model motion has 6 degrees of freedom and is limited by a symmetrical 4-point mooring system. The model is composed of a chamber with an orifice on top of it to simulate the power-take-off (PTO) system and the associated damping of the motion of the OWC WEC model. In the first place, the motion response in waves of the moored floating OWC WEC model is investigated and the water surface elevation in the OWC WEC chamber is measured. Secondly, two different mooring-line materials (iron chains and nylon ropes) are tested and the corresponding OWC WEC model motions and mooring-line tensions are measured. The performance of these two materials is similar in small-amplitude waves but different in large wave-amplitude conditions. Thirdly, the influence of different PTO conditions is investigated by varying the diameter of the top orifice of the OWC WEC model. The results show that the PTO damping does not affect the OWC WEC motion but has an impact on the water surface elevation inside the OWC chamber. In addition, an unbalanced mooring configuration is discussed. Finally, the obtained data for a moored cubic model in waves are presented, which is a benchmarking case for future validation purposes.

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