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Simultaneous surface display and cargo loading of encapsulin nanocompartments and their use for rational vaccine design
Lagoutte, P.; Mignon, C.; Stadthagen, G.; Potisopon, S.; Donnat, S.; Mast, J.; Lugari, A.; Werle, B. (2018). Simultaneous surface display and cargo loading of encapsulin nanocompartments and their use for rational vaccine design. Vaccine 36(25): 3622-3628.
In: Vaccine. ISSN 0264-410X; e-ISSN 1873-2518, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Author keywords
    Encapsulin nanocompartments; Surface display; Cargo encapsulation;Protein-based nanoparticle carrier; Rational vaccine design

Authors  Top 
  • Lagoutte, P.
  • Mignon, C.
  • Stadthagen, G.
  • Potisopon, S.
  • Donnat, S.
  • Mast, J., more
  • Lugari, A.
  • Werle, B.

    In the past decades protein nanoparticles have successfully been used for vaccine applications. Their particulate nature and dense repetitive subunit organization makes them perfect carriers for antigen surface display and confers high immunogenicity. Nanoparticles have emerged as excellent candidates for vectorization of biological and immunostimulating molecules. Nanoparticles and biomolecular nanostructures such as ferritins or virus like particles have been used as diagnostic and therapeutic delivery systems, in vaccine development, as nanoreactors, etc. Recently, a new class of bacterial protein compartment has been discovered referred to as encapsulin nanocompartment. These compartments have been used for targeted diagnostics, as therapeutic delivery systems and as nanoreactors. Their biological origin makes them conveniently biocompatible and allows genetic functionalization. The aim of our study was to implement encapsulin nanocompartements for simultaneous epitope surface display and heterologous protein loading for rational vaccine design. For this proof-of-concept-study, we produced Thermotoga maritima encapsulin nanoparticles in E. coli. We demonstrated the ability of simultaneous display in our system by inserting Matrix protein 2 ectodomain (M2e) of influenza A virus at the nanoparticle surface and by packaging of a fluorescent reporter protein (GFP) into the internal cavity. Characterization of the nanoparticles by electronic microscopy confirmed homogenously shaped particles of 24 nm diameter in average. The results further show that engineering of the particle surface improved the loading capacity of the heterologous reporter protein suggesting that surface display may induce a critical elastic deformation resulting in improved stiffness. In Balb/c mice, nanoparticle immunization elicited antibody responses against both the surface epitope and the loaded cargo protein. These results confirm the potential of encapsulin nanocompartments for customized vaccine design and antigen delivery.

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