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Diversity patterns of free-living nematode assemblages in seagrass beds from the Cuban archipelago (Caribbean Sea)
Armenteros, M.; Rodríguez-García, P.; Pérez-García, J.A.; Gracia, A. (2020). Diversity patterns of free-living nematode assemblages in seagrass beds from the Cuban archipelago (Caribbean Sea). Biodiversity Data Journal 8: e58848. https://dx.doi.org/10.3897/bdj.8.e58848
In: Biodiversity Data Journal. Pensoft Publishers: Sofia. ISSN 1314-2828, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Thalassia testudinum K.D.Koenig, 1805 [WoRMS]
    Marine/Coastal
Author keywords
    richness, ß-diversity, meiofauna, spatial patterns, distance decay of similarity, Caribbean Sea

Authors  Top 
  • Armenteros, M., more
  • Rodríguez-García, P.
  • Pérez-García, J.A.
  • Gracia, A.

Abstract
    Diversity patterns of free-living marine nematodes in tropical seagrass beds are understudied. Here, we describe the species richness and assemblage composition of nematodes in 13 seagrass sites covering the whole Cuban archipelago. Nematodes were collected from Thalassia testudinum seagrass beds and identified to species level. We provide a checklist of nematode species from seagrass beds. The species richness of nematode assemblages is high, with 215 species, 138 genus, 35 families, seven orders and two classes. That γ-diversity is higher than other studies and points to seagrass beds as diversity hotspots of free-living marine nematodes. Local species richness in seagrass bed sites is about 57 ± 17 species and broadly similar across the sites, despite the environmental heterogeneity. The geographical distance plays a weak, but significant, role on the decay of similarity likely affected by limited dispersal of nematodes. The pairwise similarity values, related to poor-coloniser nematodes, were twice more affected by the distance than those related to good-colonisers, possibly due to differential success of transport and settlement.

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