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Spawning habits and embryonic development of the banded lampeye killifish Aplocheilichthys spilauchen (Dumeril 1861) in ex situ fresh and brackish water environments
Okyere, I.; Obeng, A.; Ayitey, S.; Van der Zee, R.; Meeus, H. (2021). Spawning habits and embryonic development of the banded lampeye killifish Aplocheilichthys spilauchen (Dumeril 1861) in ex situ fresh and brackish water environments. J. Fish Biol. 99(2): 411-417. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/jfb.14729
In: Journal of Fish Biology. Fisheries Society of the British Isles: London,New York,. ISSN 0022-1112; e-ISSN 1095-8649, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Aplocheilichthys spilauchen (Duméril, 1861) [WoRMS]
    Brackish water; Fresh water
Author keywords
    embryonic development; killifish; mosquito biocontrol; spawning habits; substrate preference

Authors  Top 
  • Okyere, I.
  • Obeng, J.A.
  • Ayitey, S., more
  • Van der Zee, J.R., more
  • Meeus, H.

Abstract
    Aside from ornamental uses, there is growing interest in using killifishes for a multiplicity of purposes including baitfish and mosquito biocontrol. This experiment explored the spawning habits and embryonic development of the banded lampeye, Aplocheilichthys spilauchen in ex situ freshwater (0.04‰) and brackish water (5.01‰) to ascertain the captive breeding prospects for mosquito control in areas where they occur. Significantly higher number of eggs were laid in the brackish water than the freshwater (X2 = 1613.0, P < 0.05), and black mop was the most preferred spawning substrate, followed by green, blue and white mops. Microscopic monitoring of embryos revealed that cleavage occurred within the first 30 min after fertilization, organogenesis commenced on average in the 25th hour and hatching in approximately 230 h. Although freshwater eggs were relatively bigger than brackish water eggs and certain embryonic developmental stages occurred faster in the freshwater than brackish water, these differences were overall not significant and had no effects on the development and hatching. The observed outcome that A. spilauchen can be optimally propagated with black mops in brackish water offers a significant step in its use for the mosquito biocontrol programme, as well as other potential uses not yet explored.

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