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Ocean sciences perspectives on Integrated, Coordinated, Open, Networked (ICON) science
Graham, J.; Hannides, A.; Mamnun, N.; Sitz, L.E.; Walsh, I.D.; Wood-Charlson, E.M.; Ponsoni, L. (2022). Ocean sciences perspectives on Integrated, Coordinated, Open, Networked (ICON) science. Earth and Space Science 9(9): e2021EA002124.
In: Earth and Space Science. American Geophysical Union: Washington. e-ISSN 2333-5084, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Authors  Top 
  • Graham, J.
  • Hannides, A.
  • Mamnun, N.
  • Sitz, L.E.
  • Walsh, I.D.
  • Wood-Charlson, E.M.
  • Ponsoni, L., more

    This article is composed of three independent commentaries of how “Integrated, Coordinated, Open, and Networked” (ICON), as well as “Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable” (FAIR; under the umbrella of “Open” from ICON), principles are currently embedded in ocean sciences, and what are the opportunities and challenges by adopting them. Each commentary focuses on a different perspective as follows: (a) field sampling and experimentation to remote-sensing and autonomous observations; (b) global collaboration, technology transfer and application, reproducibility, and data sharing and infrastructure; (c) increasing diversity and broadening participation in ocean sciences. Overall, there is a consensus that ocean sciences is well-advanced in adopting many of the Integrated, Coordinated, Open, and Networked-Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable (ICON-FAIR) principles regarding (a and b), although there are still plenty of opportunities to develop further by, for instance, making broader use of data-of-opportunity and citizen science, improving efforts toward standardized data organization and avoiding data fragmentation, and increasing training activities to implement good practices. On the other hand, fostering diversity, and broadening participation in ocean sciences is still in its infancy. Actions are needed to overcome under-representation of women and other marginalized groups, create opportunities for early-career scientists, and build bridges to support scientists from low-income countries. We recognize that adopting ICON-FAIR principles comes with high costs and efforts, but it has strong potential to develop ocean sciences in many aspects.

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