IMIS | Lifewatch regional portal

You are here


[ report an error in this record ]basket (0): add | show Print this page

Correlated random walk of tuna in arrays of fish aggregating devices: a field-based model from passive acoustic tagging
Pérez, G.; Dupaix, A.; Dagorn, L.; Deneubourg, J.-L.; Holland, K.; Beeharry, S.; Capello, M. (2022). Correlated random walk of tuna in arrays of fish aggregating devices: a field-based model from passive acoustic tagging. Ecol. Model. 470: 110006.
In: Ecological Modelling. Elsevier: Amsterdam; Lausanne; New York; Oxford; Shannon; Tokyo. ISSN 0304-3800; e-ISSN 1872-7026, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Author keywords
    Correlated Random Walk; Tropical tuna; Spatial model; Fish Aggregating Device; Acoustic tagging; Survival curve; Tuna motion; Residency

Authors  Top 
  • Pérez, G., illustrator
  • Dupaix, A.
  • Dagorn, L.
  • Deneubourg, J.-L., more
  • Holland, K.
  • Beeharry, S.
  • Capello, M., more

    For centuries fishers have exploited the propensity for tuna to associate with floating objects, yet the reasons and mechanisms behind this behavior remain unclear. The number of man-made floating objects (FADs, Fish Aggregating Devices) undergone a dramatic increase in recent decades, with the development of industrial tuna purse seine fishing. However, current knowledge does not allow for the evaluation of the consequences of this increase on the ecology of tuna. Here, we developed a model of tuna movements in an array of FADs, using passive acoustic tagging data. The model was built using four behavioral rules: (1) when no FAD is perceived, tuna exhibit a random search behavior, (2) individuals can orient directly to a FAD when they perceive it (within a given orientation radius), (3) the associative dynamics of tuna follow a daily rhythm and (4) Continuous Residence Time (CRTs – time spend at FAD by tuna) are independent from previous Continuous Absent Time (CATs- time between two consecutive CRTs). The model is based on only four parameters: swimming speed, path sinuosity, orientation distance and a loss term to account for natural and fishing mortality events. The model was calibrated on 70±10 cm yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares), acoustically tagged in two different networks of anchored FADs (Oahu, Hawaii, U.S.A. and Mauritius) with different FAD densities. Our results show that the model can reproduce the time tuna spent traveling between FADs (i.e., time away from the FADs), as well as the total time spent by the fish in the FAD array (total residence time) at both study sites. The parameter sets that best reproduce the experimental data correspond to a steering radius between 2 and 5 km, a sinuosity (correlated random walk parameter) between 0.9 and 0.995 and mortality rates between 1 and 3% per day. This model, thus parameterized, could be used in future studies to predict tuna movements in arrays of different FAD densities and thus provide scientific advice for their management. The same approach can be used for modeling the movements of marine and terrestrial animals detected near aggregation sites.

All data in the Integrated Marine Information System (IMIS) is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy Top | Authors