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N-acyl homoserine lactone derived tetramic acids impair photosynthesis in Phaeodactylum tricornutum
Stock, F.; Syrpas, M.; van Creveld, S.G.; Backx, S.; Blommaert, L.; Dow, L.; Stock, W.; Ruysbergh, E.; Lepetit, B.; Bailleul, B.; Sabbe, K.; De Kimpe, N.; Willems, A.; Kroth, P.G.; Vardi, A.; Vyverman, W.; Mangelinckx, S. (2019). N-acyl homoserine lactone derived tetramic acids impair photosynthesis in Phaeodactylum tricornutum. ACS Chemical Biology 14(2): 198-203.
In: ACS Chemical Biology. AMER CHEMICAL SOC: Washington. ISSN 1554-8929; e-ISSN 1554-8937, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Authors  Top 
  • Stock, F., more
  • Syrpas, M., more
  • van Creveld, S.G.
  • Backx, S., more
  • Blommaert, L., more
  • Dow, L.
  • Stock, W., more
  • Ruysbergh, E., more
  • Lepetit, B.
  • Bailleul, B., more
  • Sabbe, K., more
  • De Kimpe, N., more
  • Willems, A., more
  • Kroth, P.G.
  • Vardi, A.
  • Vyverman, W., more
  • Mangelinckx, S., more

    Marine bacteria contribute substantially to nutrient cycling in the oceans and can engage in close interactions with microalgae. Many microalgae harbor characteristic satellite bacteria, many of which participate in N-acyl homoserine lactone (AHL) mediated quorum sensing. In the diffusion-controlled phycosphere, AHLs can reach high local concentrations, with some of them transforming into tetramic acids, compounds with a broad bioactivity. We tested a representative AHL, N-(3-oxododecanoyl) homoserine lactone, and its tetramic acid rearrangement product on the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum. While cell growth and photosynthetic efficiency of photosystem II were barely affected by the AHL, exposure to its tetramic acid rearrangement product had a negative effect on photosynthetic efficiency and led to growth inhibition and cell death in the long term, with a minimum inhibitory concentration between 20 and 50 μΜ. These results strengthen the view that AHLs may play an important role in shaping the outcome of microalgae–bacteria interactions.

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