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GEANS Data: Genetic tools for Ecosystem health Assessment in the North Sea region
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Availability: Unrestricted after moratorium period
Data are initially restricted, but the access condition relaxes to academic or unrestricted once a specified period of time after an event (such as collection, publication, completion of QC procedures or project cessation) has elapsed

Notes: untill project end (30 June 2023)

Description
Sustainable use and management of marine resources is key for good ecosystem health. Monitoring for ecosystem health assessments is currently based on morphological species identification, which is time-consuming, labor-intensive and skills reliant. DNA-based tools promise cheaper, faster and more accurate methods, yet, different approaches between countries are used which hamper standard routine application. The Interreg NSR project GEANS, therefore aims to: 1. Develop joint time- and cost-reducing genetic monitoring tools that feed into existing indicators to assess North Sea ecosystem health 2. Implement standardized genetic tools and SOPs in routine biological assessments 3. Develop a framework to apply and implement DNA-based tools in policy and transnational management of the North Sea Region. more

Set-up of an open DNA sequence library, linking DNA to species, will guarantee continuity of traditional assessment series. Real time pilot studies, in close cooperation with managers, policymakers and involved stakeholders, will deliver proof of concept on the added value of genetic approaches in environmental health management. These pilots cover environmental impact assessments (EIAs) for human activities (renewable energy, aquaculture and aggregate dredging) and environmental monitoring for e.g. non-indigenous species (NIS) in the framework of EU directives (MSFD and Natura2000). The data generated within the different pilots will feed into biotic indicators to translate the outputs into simple information needed by national authorities to make sound management decisions. Sustainable use and management of the North Sea Region (NSR) natural resources remains a grand challenge. The NSR has a rich and diverse natural environment delivering many ecosystem goods and services to society, such as food provision, coastal protection and climate regulation. Stimulated by the EU Blue Growth Agenda, human use of the NS is increasing and diversifying. Both new and existing activities contribute to employment and economic welfare, but they also increase the pressure on the marine environment, thereby threatening ecosystem health (e.g. transport, renewable energy, exploitation of living and mineral resources, introduction of non-indigenous species). To conserve and improve NSR ecosystem health, proper management measures need to be taken, which depend on fast and accurate monitoring.

Scope
Themes:
Biology > Benthos
Keywords:
Marine/Coastal, Brackish water, ANE, North Sea

Geographical coverage
ANE, North Sea [Marine Regions]

Temporal coverage
1 March 2019 - 30 June 2023
Quasi continuous (< 1 min.)

Contributors
Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (CEFAS), moredata creator
Naturalis Biodiversity Center (NBC), moredata creator
Nord University, moredata creator
SeAnalytics, moredata creator
Senckenberg am Meer; German Centre for Marine Biodiversity Research (DZMB), moredata creator
University of Aarhus (AU), moredata creator
Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee (VLIZ), moredata creator
Vlaamse overheid; Beleidsdomein Landbouw en Visserij; Instituut voor landbouw-, visserij en voedingsonderzoek (ILVO), moredata creator
Wageningen University and Research Centre (WUR), moredata creator

Related datasets
Child datasets:
HBS GEANS: ARMS observations of hard-bottom communities by Flanders Marine Institute, SeAnalytics, Nord University and Aarhus University, more
NIS BE: GEANS NIS pilot - 2020 DNA-based benthic and planktonic species monitoring at the harbour of Ostend by VLIZ, more
NIS NL: GEANS NIS pilot - 2020 DNA-based benthic and planktonic species monitoring by Naturalis, more
NIS NO: GEANS NIS pilot - 2020 DNA-based benthic and planktonic species monitoring by Nord University, more
NIS SE: GEANS NIS pilot - 2020 DNA-based benthic and planktonic species monitoring by Seanalytics, more
NIS DE: GEANS NIS pilot - 2020 DNA-based benthic species monitoring in harbour of Rostock by Senckenberg, more
NIS DE: GEANS NIS pilot - 2020 DNA-based benthic species monitoring in ships' hulls by Senckenberg , more
NIS NZK: GEANS NIS pilot - 2021 DNA-based spring and summer monitoring of eDNA/plankton/scrape sample by metabarcoding in the framework of the GEANS NIS pilot at Noordzeekanaal (NZK) by MAE-WUR., more
NIS DE: GEANS NIS pilot - 2021 DNA-based monitoring of eDNA in harbour of Rostock by Senckenberg, more
GRL: GEANS Reference Library, more
SBS BPNS: GEANS SBS pilot - 2019 DNA based soft bottom monitoring of macrobenthos in the framework of sand extraction at BPNS by ILVO, more
SBS FFHD: GEANS SBS pilot - 2020 DNA based soft bottom monitoring of macrobenthos in the framework of Flora Fauna Habitat Directive (FFHD) by Senckenberg, more
SBS LtM: GEANS SBS pilot - 2020 DNA based soft bottom monitoring of macrobenthos in the framework of Long-term Monitoring (LtM) by Senckenberg, more
SBS BPNS RT: GEANS SBS pilot - 2020 DNA based soft bottom monitoring of macrobenthos in the framework of the ringtest at BPNS by Aarhus University, more
SBS BPNS RT: GEANS SBS pilot - 2020 DNA based soft bottom monitoring of macrobenthos in the framework of the ringtest at BPNS by ILVO, more
SBS BPNS RT: GEANS SBS pilot - 2020 DNA based soft bottom monitoring of macrobenthos in the framework of the ringtest at BPNS by Naturalis, more
SBS BPNS RT: GEANS SBS pilot - 2020 DNA based soft bottom monitoring of macrobenthos in the framework of the ringtest at BPNS by Nord University, more
SBS BPNS RT: GEANS SBS pilot - 2020 DNA based soft bottom monitoring of macrobenthos in the framework of the ringtest at BPNS by WUR, more
SBS AU: GEANS SBS pilot - 2020 DNA based soft bottom monitoring of sediment samples in the framework of complementing benthic soft bottom monitoring with DNA-based methods at North Sea by Aarhus University, more

Project
GEANS: Genetic Tools for Ecosystem Health Assessment in the North Sea Region, more

Publication
Based on this dataset
Staehr, P.A.U. et al. (2022). Environmental DNA monitoring of biodiversity hotspots in Danish marine waters. Front. Mar. Sci. 8: 800474. https://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2021.800474, more
Derycke, S. et al. (2021). Detection of macrobenthos species with metabarcoding is consistent in bulk DNA but dependent on body size and sclerotization in eDNA from the ethanol preservative. Front. Mar. Sci. 8: 637858. https://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2021.637858, more
Lankhorst, S. (2021). Autonomous eDNA sampling for: Zero impact biodiversity monitoring. Windpowernl Magazine 8(1): 44-45, more
Van den Bulcke, L. et al. (2021). Towards harmonization of DNA metabarcoding for monitoring marine macrobenthos: the effect of technical replicates and pooled DNA extractions on species detection. Metabarcoding and Metagenomics 5: 233–247. https://dx.doi.org/10.3897/mbmg.5.71107, more
Van der Loos, L.; Nijland, R. (2021). Biases in bulk: DNA metabarcoding of marine communities and the methodology involved. Mol. Ecol. 30(13): 3270-3288. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/mec.15592, more
Obst, M. et al. (2020). A Marine Biodiversity Observation Network for genetic monitoring of hard-bottom communities (ARMS-MBON). Front. Mar. Sci. 7: 572680. https://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.572680, more


Dataset status: In Progress
Data type: Data
Metadatarecord created: 2020-03-16
Information last updated: 2022-03-17
All data in the Integrated Marine Information System (IMIS) is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy