IMIS | Lifewatch regional portal

You are here

IMIS

[ report an error in this record ]basket (0): add | show Print this page

Trying to choose the less bad route: Individual migratory behaviour of Atlantic salmon smolts (Salmo salar L.) approaching a bifurcation between a hydropower station and a navigation canal
Renardy, S.; Takriet, A.; Benitez, J.-P.; Dierckx, A.; Baeyens, R.; Coeck, J.; Pauwels, I.S.; Mouton, A.; Archambeau, P.; Dewals, B.; Pirotton, M.; Erpicum, S.; Ovidio, M. (2021). Trying to choose the less bad route: Individual migratory behaviour of Atlantic salmon smolts (Salmo salar L.) approaching a bifurcation between a hydropower station and a navigation canal. Ecol. Eng. 169: 106304. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2021.106304
In: Ecological Engineering. Elsevier: Amsterdam; London; New York; Tokyo. ISSN 0925-8574; e-ISSN 1872-6992, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors | Dataset 

Keyword
    Brackish water
Author keywords
    Migratory fish; Downstream migration; Hydroelectricity; Hydraulics; River restoration; Large-sized river

Authors  Top | Dataset 

Abstract
    Contrary to small- and medium-sized rivers, little attention has been paid to the downstream migration of Atlantic salmon smolts in large-sized rivers and the size-related impact of hydropower stations. From 2014 to 2016, we investigated the downstream migration of n = 72 acoustic-tagged smolts in the Meuse river at a bifurcation zone between a hydropower station equipped with three Kaplan turbines and a navigation canal. A hydrodynamic model that solves the depth-integrated shallow water equations on a Cartesian grid using a finite volume technique was used to infer the influence of water discharge and flow velocity on the smolts' behaviour upstream of the hydroelectric complex. Of the migrating smolts, 41.5% performed back and forth movements before approaching the complex for the first time, sometimes over long distances and at a slow pace, leading to significant delays (3–298 h) Beyond about 250 m3 s−1, the water flow direction changes towards the hydropower station with a gradual acceleration. A median water discharge of 161 m3 s−1 and associated median flow velocity of 0.14 m s−1 tended to favour a more direct and downstream movement towards the hydropower station. On the other hand, the navigation canal was mainly approached at low water discharge (median 132 m3 s−1), due to a higher flow velocity (median 0.11 m s−1) at the entrance. Of the released smolts, only 38.6% passed through the complex, of which 36.4% migrated by the navigation canal and 63.6% by the hydropower station, with a median research time of 04:44. Among all the released individuals, the escapement rate at the end of the study site was 2.9% by the canal and 8.3% by the Meuse river. This site, which offers two non-optimal, unattractive and unsafe migration routes, turns out to be problematic for successful downstream smolt migration.

Dataset
  • Maas: Migration behaviour of eel and salmon in the Meuse river., more

All data in the Integrated Marine Information System (IMIS) is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy Top | Authors | Dataset